18 Juni 2014

Upprop om krisen i Ryssland och Ukraina

Förra veckan stod Svenska PEN och PEN International värd för en konferens om krisen i Ryssland och Ukraina. Samtalen fokuserade på ryska och ukrainska PENs roll i offentligheten och hur de tillsammans kan motverka den propaganda och desinformation som präglat konflikten och för ett fritt meningsutbyte. Man skrev ett upprop som undertecknades av bland andra Tomas Tranströmer och Mario Vargas Llosa.  

Nedan kan ni läsa pressmeddelandet i sin helhet på engelska.

At a gathering of writers held in Stockholm by PEN International and Swedish PEN, Ludmila Ulitskaya, vice-president of Russian PEN, spoke of “the lies poisoning minds which have no other sources of information” and Aleksandra Hnatiuk, from Ukrainian PEN, of “propaganda designed to create enemies.”


PEN International has been organizing meetings of writers across Europe bringing together Russians and Ukrainians with their colleagues from around the world. In times of actual and threatened violence PEN believes that channels of public discussion must be kept open. PEN International President, John Ralston Saul, said, “Peace and stability is not about deals done behind closed doors, but the ability of people to talk to each other in public.”

For three months there have been incessant acts of aggression towards Ukraine from the side of the Russian Federation. There has been the illegal annexation of Crimea, which makes us deeply worried about the rights of the Tatar population, and following it armed groups have created violent disorder in the eastern parts of Ukraine with the goal of destabilizing the country. Ukrainian PEN has talked about journalists and citizens being shot, murdered, kidnapped and tortured. Russian PEN points out that such violence is dependant upon the co-opting of language: “Words are the only means we have to construct meaning and express reality. The Russian authorities are currently using words to destroy meaning. It goes without saying that this is a crime against culture.”

PEN is particularly concerned about the tsunami of anti free expression laws emerging in Russia, which include treating international NGO’s as foreign agents; anti-gay laws; a law permitting the blocking of websites without a court order; laws against discussing Russian history; a Religious Defamation law. In the name of security, human rights are being dangerously undermined. People wonder if we are faced by a war of interests or a war of values, or both. In either case, the only real security lies in opening channels of free expression. Those on the front lines of this situation are often the journalists, in whatever country. We admire their courage and appeal to those under pressure to remember, in Lev Rubinstein’s words, that “propaganda is the collapse of language.”
 

This statement has been written after a series of meetings of Russian and Ukrainians writers, including Alexei Simonov, Lev Rubinstein, Andrey Kurkov, Myroslav Marynovych, Mykola Riabchuk, Leonid Finberg, and foreign colleagues. The meetings took place in the cities of Kiev, Bled and Warsaw. The participants in the Stockholm meeting were PEN Centres of Sweden, Norway, Finland, Estonia, Slovenia and Germany. The statement has been signed by:

John Ralston Saul, President of PEN International


Tomas Tranströmer, Literature Nobel Laureate 2012


Peter Englund, member of the Swedish Academy


Kjell Espmark, member of the Swedish Academy

Per Wästberg, former president of PEN International and member of the Swedish Academy


Tone Peršak, Chairs Writers for Peace Committee PEN international


Takeaki Hori, International Secretary PEN International


Jarkko Tontti, International Treasurer PEN International


Carles Torner, Executive Director PEN International,

Mario Vargas Llosa, Literature Nobel Laureate 2011 and former president of PEN International


György Konrad, former president of PEN International


Ronald Harwood, former president of PEN International


Homero Aridjis, former president of PEN International